Essentially, everything comes from somewhere, and the aromatic coffee we start our day with is no exception. From time immemorial, coffee took its place as one of the most widely consumed drinks worldwide. Yet, little fact is known about its origin or where it is grown.
So here is a fact. The taste is unique to where it is grown. Can you draw the connection? Another well-known fact is that coffee originated from Ethiopia in Africa, but that is not where coffee grows. It is cultivated in over 70 countries all over the world. So the question remains, “where does coffee grow?”
Coffee Grows on Trees
Coffee trees are often called shrubs because they are small, but their leaves are evergreen. They yield fruits called cherries, which are ruby red. Farmers trim the coffee trees annually to reduce their height so their fruits can be picked easily.
Also, the trees are trimmed to ensure that they are not exposed to too much sunlight. Taller trees are planted around them to filter direct sunlight. Without the towering trees and any form of shade, an exposed coffee tree could dry out within three hours. Thus, sunlight is the bane of coffee trees.
To protect their trees, farmers plant on slopes inclined to the east because the sun only shines in the morning. They also make sure their trees are watered at all times. While it is important to know that coffees are derived from trees, not all coffee trees are the same or planted the same way because coffee has two different plant types.
Types of Coffee Plants
This is the most common plaIt is grown majorly in Brazil, Columbia, and Central America. Over 60% of coffees produced today are derived from Arabica plants. Arabica coffee plants emit a more intense aroma and have less caffeine.
The best conditions for Arabica trees are areas with high altitudes, steady rainfall, and good shade. However, Arabica trees are delicate and susceptible to disease. If they are planted in areas with unsuitable conditions, it will take a lot of hard work to keep them healthy. Growing them on a large scale is profitable but risky. Once a plant becomes diseased, it would be difficult to protect the rest from the spread.
Arabica grows within nine to eleven months, and if successfully developed, they turn out multi-flavored with an ample amount of acidity. Coffees derived from the Arabica plant taste much better when served hot and without cream.
This plant ranks second after Arabica in production. Robusta plants easily acclimatize to their environment. Unlike Arabica, they are not prone to disease and are more suited for locations where rainfall is not steady. Robusta plants are robust in shape and contain a large amount of caffeine. They grow within six to eight months.
Robusta coffees have a fine texture with a small dose of chocolate in their flavor but a bit low in aroma. It is best suited for drinkers who prefer their coffee with cream and sugar. Robusta is grown majorly in Central and West Africa, South East Asia, and Brazil.
Where Coffee Trees Grow
A climate that supports the growth of coffee is usually on or around the equator. Experts call this area’ bean belt.’ Coffee-producing countries in these areas are Brazil, Vietnam, and Colombia. Coffee farmers in these countries sow three to four years before harvest.
However, the climatic conditions in these countries are not the same. Wherever coffee trees are grown or proposed to be grown, the climate must be humid and dry. That is, there should be as much rain as sunshine. These conditions affect the quantity of harvest.
When Coffee Trees are Planted
As stated above, coffee-producing countries have balanced rain and dry seasons. Reasonably, farmers plant coffee trees in the wet season because it is easier to dig holes at that time than in the dry season. And the earth’s moisture allows the plant to spread roots. Once grown, a coffee tree keeps yielding fruits for 25-30 years before it starts to decline, but it takes quite a long for the tree to grow.
How long does it take for Coffee Plants to Grow?
A coffee tree takes three to four years to produce fruits and grows tall to about 20 feet. However, farmers prune them to maximize yield and to make harvest easier. At first, flowers bloom and then fall as cherries grow. The cherry, in turn, changes in color, size, and shape until they are ready to be harvested. Farmers recognize that it is time for harvest when the cherries become red.
Coffee Beans and Cherry
Coffee beans are derived from coffee cherries. Black cherry signifies rot. During the growing stage, coffee cherries are usually green before turning red, which shows they are mature. However, the beans inside the cherries are harvested and processed to make coffee.
Because beans are best grown in mountainous areas, using machines for harvest is not feasible. This means that the ripe cherries would be picked by hand. However, Brazil has a flat landscape, and vast fields allow machines to be used. On average, a coffee tree produces 2 to 4 kilos of cherries. An efficient laborer can harvest 45 to 90 kilos of cherries in a single day. Mathematically, this will result in 18 kilos of coffee beans.
The two methods of harvesting coffee are discussed below;
- Selectively picked – Under this method, only the ripe cherries are picked by hand. The laborers have to check the trees for 8-10 days and harvest only the ripe ones. This method costs more because it relies heavily on paid laborers to succeed.
- Strip picked – Here, all the cherries are plucked from the branch once. This can be achieved with machines or laborers.
At the processing stage, the coffee seeds or beans are extracted from the ripe cherries and dried. The traditional methods involved are dry and wet;
- The Dry Method
Also known as the natural method, it is the simplest method and involves little machinery. Laborers carefully sort and clean the harvested cherries to remove the overripe and damaged ones. Dirt, leaves, and twigs are also sorted out at this stage. Then, the cherries are laid out in the sun on patios or trestles.
At intervals, the cherries are raked to make sure they are all exposed to the sun. This might take 4-5 weeks. In some situations, machines are used to dry the cherries after pre-drying them in the sun for some days. Dried cherries are kept in a silo and then taken to the mill for hulling.
There, the outer layers are removed, and the green coffee beans are sorted and graded.
This method is used to process Arabica coffee produced in Brazil, Ethiopia, Haiti, and Paraguay.
- The Wet Method
Unlike the dry method, water and equipment are used to extract coffee beans. Firstly, the laborers clean the cherries. Then, they are crushed and squeezed by a machine till beans are peeled away from their skin. The beans come out with mucilage as its exterior skin.
Later, the beans are cleaned, and the mucilage is broken down. This is done within 24-36 hours. Then, the coffee is washed again with clean water. Before it can be sold, the coffee is a bean that is hulled to get rid of the parchment. Cleaning, screening, sorting, and grading occur before the green coffee bean is ready to be sold.
Top 15 Highest Coffee-Growing Countries in the World
Surprisingly, coffee is the second most traded goods after oil. A running similarity among all the countries producing coffee is that they are all in the tropics. Below are ten countries that are major game players in the coffee exporting;
Brazil is the world’s top coffee-producing country. It produces 2.68 million metric tons of coffee per year. The South American country has been the highest coffee-producing country for over 150 years. Brazil has the best climate coffee trees require to grow. The country is blessed with ample sunlight and rainfall, perfect temperature, and low elevation. Brazilian coffees are known for their creamy body, low acidity, and multi-flavored quality.
This Asian country produces 1.5 million tons, and it is the second most exported product by the country after rice. Vietnam came into the coffee scene through their French colonialists in 1800, specifically to the Buon Ma Thuot region. Today, the country competes fiercely with other Robusta coffee-producing countries.
In 1986, the country went through a reform welcoming private firms into the coffee production business. This move increased production greatly and landed the country’s second-highest coffee producer in the world. Vietnam’s coffee amounts to 40% of the world’s output of Robusta, reputed for its low acidity and bitterness.
Colombia is another South American country. It has the rare privilege of producing 100% Arabica beans. The country boasts of excellent terrain and perfect weather conditions. Colombia coffees are known for their aromatic, mild, and fruity flavor. Colombia produces a total of 754,376 metric tons per year.
A non-profit organization called Café de Colombia represents the coffee trade, influences every family in Colombia, and re-invests revenues in coffee-growing communities. Colombian beans are grown in about 1500-2000metres, and it produces not-so-thick coffees with nutty aromas and a hint of citrus. This combination provides a mild flavor and low-key sweetness.
Indonesia is an Asian country that made its way to one of the highest coffee-producing countries. It produces tv668, 677 metric tons per year, which is quite much for a country broken into different thousands of islands. The country has a diverse array of coffee beans.
Indonesia started cultivating plants as far back as the 1600s under the Dutch colonial period. An Island called Java was the first place coffee cultivation started in Indonesia. Today, Java is well-known for its spicy flavors, thick body, and rich aroma. Indonesian coffees like Javan, Sulawesi, and Sumatran are well-acknowledged coffees.
Honduras is a Central American country that produces 475,042 metric tons of coffee. Up until recently, Honduras was not reckoned as a country that produces a high amount of coffee. For years, its production was hampered by poor infrastructure, and most of its products ended up being sold within the country. At the time, barely 10% of their coffee production was exported.
Lately, the demand for Honduras coffee has seen a steady rise. Honduran coffees are planted on mountain farms called “Fincas” giving them the advantage of high altitudes that coffee plants require. Honduras is known for diverse flavors like hazelnut and vanilla.
Coffee is woven into Ethiopian culture since it is regarded as the place coffee originated from. Ethiopia is an African country that produces 471,247 metric tons per year. Ethiopia’s people have a story of how a farmer and his goats discovered the Arabica coffee tree.
Ethiopia has different varieties of beans, each offering a wide range of flavors. Ethiopia’s best coffee products are consumed locally. However, Ethiopia’s coffee production industry is fully nationalized, and it generates 10% of its GDP.
Peru is the seventh-highest coffee-producing nation in the world. The country has been in business since the 1700s, but it was mainly consumed within the country. The country failed to develop its coffee production potential due to poor infrastructure. Recently, coffee farmers in Peru were granted the opportunity to export and compete with other countries globally.
Also, coffee drinkers are now comparing Peru coffee to some of the best. In Peru, they are grown in 10 certain areas like the country’s North, South, and Central Belt. Peru coffee planted in the lowland have a nutty flora, while coffees grown in the highlands are floral and rich. Peru produces 346,466 metric tons per year.
The North American country produces 273,000 metric tons, and their coffee produce makes up 2.5% of the world’s production. Mostly, it produces the Arabica variety at 96% and Robusta at 4%. The growing areas are the Pacific Coast, Gulf of Mexico, and its border with Guatemala and Belize.
In Central America, Guatemala turns up as the ninth highest coffee-producing country. Like Peru, Coffee was not considered a valuable crop until the nation’s dye industry failed in the late 1850s. However, the country got back on its feet with coffee production, and by 1880, coffee took up 90% of its export. Today, coffee is still Guatemala’s largest export. The country produces 245,441 metric tons per year.
Guatemala’s coffee is known for its quality, and its product variety includes Caturra, Red and Yellow, Catuai, Red and Yellow Bourbon. Its beans are grown in regions rich in volcanic soil, less humidity, and lots of sunshine. This includes areas like Faijanes, San Marcos & Nuevo, and Acatenango.
India ranks tenth among the highest coffee-producing countries. In the 1870s, India was plagued by coffee rust and, as a result, abandoned plants for tea plantations. India is known for Arabica coffee, but recently, Robusta makes up 60% of their total production. Majorly, Indian coffee production is exported to Europe.
The best variety of coffee produced in India is Monsoon Malabar. The country produces 234,000 metric tons per year. Interestingly, one of the stages of its production involves exposure to monsoon conditions. Coffee trees in India are planted in the southern Indian states of Kerala, Tamil Nadu, and Karnataka.
The African country is especially known for Robusta coffee. Their coffee plants have been cultivated for generations. Their trees are rare natural coffee trees located deep in the rainforest. Uganda produces 209,325 metric tons per year.
Factually, Ugandan coffee is distinct from another form of the bean, and it has a wine acidity with huge hints of chocolate. The Robusta beans are grown in Western Nile, Okoro region, and Northern regions like Lira and Gulu.
Nicaragua coffee makes up 1.3% of the world’s coffee. Their wide variety is Arabica, which amounts to 98%, while Robusta yields 2%. Nicaragua produces 140,400 metric tons per year. Its major areas include its border in the north with Honduras to Lake Cocibolca. Other regions are Nueva Segovia, Jinotega and Matagalpa.
China is mostly known for its tea. However, the country produces 138,000 metric tons of Arabica coffee in a year. Like Nicaragua, its coffee production amounts to 1.3% of the world. It is also reckoned as a nation to look out for among top coffee-producing countries.
Another African country on the list is Malaysia producing 120,000 metric tons of coffee. Its products make up 1.1% of the world’s production. Malaysia’s variety is majorly Robusta coffee. Some of the regions where coffee is planted are Kelantan, Trengganu, and Sabah.
This country is mostly known for cocoa production. Though it might be far behind other countries above, it is one of the world’s highest coffee-producing countries. Ivory Coast produces 108,000 metric tons of coffee, which makes 1% of the world’s production. Its variety is Robusta, and they are not of good quality. However, the country has grown a hybrid variety of Arabica and Robusta called Arabusta.
How to Grow Coffee Plant at Home
First, you have to decide if you intend to grow the plant indoor or outdoor. Coffee plants can grow in either location; it depends on certain conditions. If you choose to plant it indoors, do not place it under direct sunlight. Find a place where sunlight is mild or diffused. Growing a plant outside might not yield good results, especially if your country is not geographically located between the tropics of Cancer and Capricorn.
The climatic conditions in your area might greatly deter the growth of your plant. Fortunately, you can grow it indoors and give it all the humidity, light, and water it needs to grow. Or you can opt for growing it in a greenhouse.
Also, you must get the right soil for a coffee plant. For instance, Arabica is found in tropical areas with good humidity. Use soil with a pH close to 6 to allow the plant to take root. You’ll have to make sure the soil has good drainage. Take note that coffee plants would require less water in winter and more in summer.
You should plan a care routine for your plant. Ensure that it is properly watered at all times to keep the soil moist. The key here is to avoid extreme ends. Keep the plant dry, but not too dry and moist enough without so much water. Pruning is also part of maintaining the plant, and bear in mind that you will have to re-pot as the plant grows.
How long will it take for my Coffee Plants to Grow?
It would take years before the coffee plants get to fruit production. And it would take at least a year for the cherries to ripen. Although individual cases differ, it might take an average of three to four years before flowering begins.
After it starts flowering, it will produce green fruits first, which would later transition to red and dark red as the months roll by. Once the coffee cherries are ripe, you can harvest and remove the beans.
How to Grow a Coffee Plant
You may be surprised to find that the plant grown on high production farms can become a personal home item. The Coffee industry employs over 25 million people globally, involved in the cultivation, processing, and packaging of coffee; it is no joke. As a coffee lover or fanatic, the popularity and economic power of the Coffee drink might make you dismiss the idea of having such a plant growing in your backyard or living in your house. What is more?
Coffee plants are commonly grown in climates with a high level of humidity and relatively cool temperatures. These plants hardly thrive in other places, asides from tropical countries, known as the Coffee Belts. However, the plant makes an excellent potted indoor plant, and if you go about it correctly, you can have one or more blossoming coffee plants to yourself. The plant’s selective growing environment can also add to your doubts about successfully growing one. This article shows you how to grow a plant. Read on below:
What You Need to Know
Here are common facts about the Coffee plant to help as you begin your coffee-growing journey.
Coffee is a tropical evergreen shrub with green leaves, cherries, and seeds from which the popular coffee beverage is made.
On a Coffee farm, an average of 1.4 square feet of land (just a little bigger than an average computer screen) produces a cup of coffee. Farmers start off growing coffee seeds in shaded nurseries. These seeds require moisture to survive and must be watered frequently. Farmers must also keep the Coffee seeds away from bright sunlight until they are strong enough to be transplanted.
Most farmers start planting the coffee seeds in the wet season, as the soil can retain moisture while the plant roots become firmly established. Coffee is evergreen shrubs, which means that it keeps its leaves and remains green and functional through its growing season and more years. Although the plant is a strong and forcefully growing plant, it would take about two to three years for a newly planted coffee plant to bear fruit. Flowering starts on its branches and leaves. Various agents, such as bees, wasps, flies, butterflies, moths, sunbirds, and even the wind, pollinate the flowers with time.
The two main types of Plants are Coffee Arabica and Robusta. These two species still come in varieties and forms depending on environmental factors and cultivation processes. Coffea Arabica is arguably the most consumed of both, coveted for its unique acidity and sweetness characteristics.
On the other hand, Coffea Robusta is not as acidic and sweet but has higher caffeine content. Coffea Robusta is commonly used in blends to give the coffee depth, while Coffee Arabica adds its sweet notes.
Coffee Robusta requires cross-pollination by wind and insects, while Coffee Arabica is self-fertile. However, bee pollination enhances its quantity and quality of output.
Six weeks after the flowers are pollinated, the coffee cherries start to bloom. Each cherry houses two coffee seeds, which eventually become the coffee beans we all know. It takes about nine months after flowering for Coffee beans to be harvested.
Can I grow a Coffee plant at home?
Coffee plants are indeed selective about their environments. The plant grows best in cool to warm tropical climates with high altitudes and rich soil. More so, the Coffee plant thrives in a temperature range of 64°–70°F (18°C–21°C). It can also bear hotter annual temperatures up to roughly 73°F (24°C). If it gets any hotter, the coffee cherry will ripen much faster, which can, in turn, affect the coffee bean quality. These conditions explain why the world’s Coffee belt includes North, Central, South America, the Caribbean, Africa, the Middle East, and Asia.
On the other hand, if the Coffee plant freezes, it fades off in about two hours. The plant also requires an annual rainfall of 60 to 80 inches per year, coupled with a dry period of two to three months. The United States does not have as much rain as tropical climates, which begs the question as to whether plants can be successfully grown here, let alone indoors or in your backyard. However, there are tricks and tips to growing a plant on your own. The essential step is to provide the plant with conditions it will usually enjoy in tropical environments, such as rich, acidic soil to help retain moisture, high humidity, cool temperature, and good drainage.
Successfully mimicking the natural habitat or preferred environment of the Coffee plant will help you reap the benefits of a farm-grown Coffee plant. You can grow plants indoors or outdoors in the backyard. Most experts suggest the former because environmental factors such as temperatures, varying humidity levels, and other seasonal changes can be too unpredictable and deter the plant’s growth. However, these factors are easier controlled indoors. You can determine and regulate the amount of water, sunlight, and warmth your plants need. However, outdoor coffee plants can also be successful as long as you bear these factors in mind.
Requirements to grow your Coffee plant
There are tools and conditions you must put in place to grow your plant at home successfully. These are:
The first step in growing your plant is to find coffee seedlings. Roasted beans are not the ideal seeds for planting, as the processing it has gone through will hinder proper growth.
The right soil
Another factor that determines the successful growth of your indoor coffee plant is getting suitable soil. The soil you use in planting your seeds must be rich with nutrients so that the plant’s roots can penetrate deep and obtain the needed nutrients for growth. A soil with a pH close to 6 is ideal for plant development.
You start off planting your coffee seedlings in 4-inch pots and gradually increase sizes as the plant grows. Your plant needs a proper drainage system to avoid excess water pooling on the soil. We recommend that your pots have holes to allow for excess water to drain, so the soil has the right amount of moisture it needs.
Coffee plants do not need direct, harsh sunlight. You can either place it at a spot with indirect sunlight, such as by the window or put it under shade if grown outdoors. Exposing plants to too much direct sunlight will make their leaves turn brown on time.
Coffee plants need irrigation regularly and adequately. You will need to study the plant per time to determine how much water it can take. The soil should always be evenly moist but never soggy. The soil must also never be completely dried out.
Temperature and Humidity
Your coffee plant needs just the right temperature to thrive. If the weather is too hot, it will cause the coffee cherries to ripen too fast and damage the coffee bean quality. Coffee plants also thrive in highly humid conditions, with plenty of rain and fog. If the air is too dry, the leaf edges might start to turn brown. We recommend that you mist the plant daily to raise the humidity level.
The soil of your plant requires sufficient nutrients to grow. Ensure you use fertilizers that do not contain harsh solid chemicals. You can start by putting a weak liquid fertilizer every couple of weeks while still growing and reducing it once a month.
Step by Step Process
Purchase Coffee seedlings
Contrary to misconstrued notions about growing plants, you sew coffee seeds and not coffee beans. You can purchase seeds online or at coffee stores around you.
Prepare the seedlings
Prepare the Coffee seedlings for planting by soaking them in a bowl of warm water overnight.
Find the right soil
The following morning, fill a 4-inch pot with organic potting soil. Your soil must be rich in nutrients to allow the plant’s roots to penetrate deep. The pot should have holes for proper drainage to avoid excess pooling water.
Separate each Seedling
Put each seed in its pot. The pot will be its natural habitat for a while.
Start the growing process.
Keep your potted coffee plant in indirect sunlight, such as near a window. Water the soil at least weekly to ensure the soil remains moist. It would be best if you used a pebble tray filled with water to maintain humidity.
Repot your Coffee plant
Continue the repotting process every spring, but wisely as it grows. You cannot simply leave your coffee plant in the same pots you started with, as this can stifle the growth of the plant’s roots. You should report when your plant is about 8 inches high and repeat the process about 24 inches (this should be at almost a year). On Coffee farms, coffee farmers leave the plants to grow to about 30 inches, but regular pruning is helpful for its growth and keeps it manageable for you.
How long does it take to grow a Coffee plant?
Indeed, nothing good comes easy, coffee included. Unlike other plants, the process of planting your coffee seeds till it begins to blossom cherries can take a few years. It usually takes a newly planted coffee tree between two to four years to grow beans and ripen them for harvest. Even after the plant has started to flower, it still takes a full year for the cherries to ripen. The growth of your coffee plant depends on its variety, but you may need to put in the hard work and patience for three to four years before it begins to flower.
How to Harvest your Coffee beans at home
If you are a coffee fanatic and want to have the joy of brewing your homemade coffee, you will need an extra year to watch your cherries mature for harvesting. You can start to think of harvesting your coffee cherries when you are sure of their maturity.
Check for Maturity
Usually, a Coffee cherry starts to change color from green to red and dark red as a sign of its maturity. When the cherry becomes slightly soft to the touch, you can pick them off the plant by hand.
Separate the Beans
The cherry houses the coffee beans, which you will either roast or keep green. Separate the inner beans from the cherry by pulping the cherries in a bowl of water.
After separating the beans from the cherries, lay them out on wire mesh and dry them until you can easily see the outer skins flake off. The drying process can take several days or even weeks. You can ground the dried beans in a coffee mill to get your coffee powder.
How much coffee plant do you need to make your coffee?
The number of plants needed to make coffee is one of the major concerns for a Coffee fanatic looking to grow a plant. How many cups of coffee will a plant produce? Is it worth the stress? On average, a coffee plant can make 4,000 beans per year. 4000 Coffee beans will give you approximately one to two pounds of coffee. If you are serious about enjoying your homegrown coffee regularly, you might need to grow multiple plants at once. However, if you want to have pride in your homegrown coffee once in a while, two or three plants will be enough.
Coffee Plant Care
Many Home coffee growers are in such a hurry to see their plant flower and produce cherries. Their anxiety can make them get bored of the long process and take less care of their plant. As you must have noticed, the coffee plant takes years to grow, flower and blossom. You must enjoy the process of grooming the plant of your favorite coffee drink and appreciate the cherries it gives you. Eventually, it is a great feeling and a well-deserved reward for your patience.
Have a Coffee Plant Care routine
Since you have decided to start the growing process, you might as well get it done successfully. The health and development of your plant depend on the care you give to it. It is essential you include your plant in your schedule and has a routine for it.
Watering the plant
The coffee plant requires regular water and moisture retention. Ensure you water it enough to keep the soil slightly moist, not swampy. The process of watering your coffee plant requires adequate attention so that the soil is not too dry or too wet for the plant. As the plant grows, you will need to adjust your watering methods. Generally, we recommend that you water your plant at least once per week with 1/3 cup of water. Always start by giving your plant little water to see how much the soil can handle, then adjust accordingly. Signs of coffee plant dehydration include limp leaves and changes in color from green to yellow. To avoid the soil being swampy, ensure your plant pot has holes for proper drainage.
Your coffee plant’s soil always needs to be filled with nutrients at all times. It is good practice to check your soil’s fertilizer’s PH every few months and fertilize only when required.
You should prune your coffee plant every spring. Pruning helps cut off dead weight, leaves, and branches, hindering its growth. When pruning, you start by getting rid of dead leaves and fallen branches. Use a pair of sharp hand pruners to cut the coffee plant stem at a 45-degree angle slightly above the leaf axil.
The logic behind repotting is ensuring you give the plant’s roots enough room to survive. You want to make sure the plant’s root is not too small in a large pot while also ensuring you provide the plant with enough space to allow it to grow freely.
Keep the Plant Away from Children and Pets
While coffee beans are edible and safe, the coffee plant contains saponins known to irritate a cat’s skin in its mouth and intestines if eaten. The caffeine content of coffee is also harmful to dogs, cats, and horses, although not humans. Hence, you should keep your plant away from your pet(s). Coffee plants can pose some threats to children as well. First is the coffee cherry, which a child can choke on. Children may also not be mature enough to take the coffee leaf. It may develop some health issues or sicknesses if ingested.
Regularly Check your Plant for Signs of Disease
Your indoor coffee plant is just as susceptible to pests infestations from various organisms such as mites, ants, insects, aphids, and mealybugs. Signs of pests infestation include residue of white powder, tiny webs, or other irregularities on your plant. You can also check the cherries or wood beneath the bark for signs of rot. You will also find signs of diseases on your plant, first on the leaves. If you observe that your coffee leaves change colors from brown to yellow, it is likely plagued by plant diseases, and you should treat it immediately.
How to treat your Coffee Plant for Pests
It is common for indoor Coffee plants to suffer infestations from pests. It would be best if you treated infestations as soon as possible to prevent them from ruining the whole plant or spreading to the rest of your plant collection. If you find out your plant is already pest-infested, it is not the end of the world, and it does not mean that all of your efforts are wasted. Start treatment by using the least toxic products containing safe materials and ingredients. You should only move on to products containing serious chemicals if you cannot arrest the situation initially. Strong chemicals can cause more irreversible damage to your plant and tamper with your plant’s natural health.
As you must have noticed, the plant is a delicate yet strong plant. It takes patience to enjoy the years of its maturity while properly attending to it. If you put in the hard work of growing your coffee plant by watering regularly and pruning, you will reap its fruits and also get to have a beautiful indoor plant that will last a long time. Generally, coffee plants live between 30-40 years. The plant is one to keep for history’s sake while enjoying your favorite drink produced in your home.
Coffee grows on trees planted in different places worldwide and mostly in places where the climate is favorable to the plant. Since the discovery of coffee, it has served humanity as a refreshing drink and revenue source for nations. This article explores facts about where and how coffee is planted, grown, and harvested. And if there’s one fact you should take away; it’s that coffee plants do not grow overnight.