If there is one thing millions of people share in common simultaneously, it will be early morning coffee drinking. A steaming cup of coffee is what many say they need to start the day. Its unique aroma hits all alluring scents of sweet, spicy, smoky, and even floral. The rich, bold taste of coffee is what keeps many addicted to this most popular beverage. So what then is the use of coffee if it becomes dull and loses its spark?
The popular roasted coffee beans can only remain at their maximum quality for just about six weeks after roasting, while coffee grounds by their very nature can only last for a maximum of 2 weeks before it starts losing its quality. However, green coffee beans can keep their great taste up to a year after processing if they are appropriately stored.
What is Green Coffee Beans
Green coffee beans are raw coffee seeds from Coffee fruits that have not yet been roasted. These beans are separated and processed but are left raw without going through the roasting, grinding, or brewing processes.
Green Coffee has been gaining more popularity amongst coffee lovers and in the scientific world because of its natural compositions and benefits. There is scientific evidence that the roasting process that makes the popular coffee destroys some healthy nutrients in the Coffee beans; one of these nutrients is chlorogenic acid.
While Green coffee is made from the same beans people have always used for brewing coffee, it is not roasted and is therefore left in its organic state. Green coffee beans are raw and organic; hence, they have a higher chlorogenic acid level than roasted coffee beans.
Source of Green Coffee Bean
The origins of roasted Coffee and Green Coffee Beans are the same, other than their different chemical compositions. Green Coffee Beans are gotten from regular Coffee plants, which are of two different types. Robusta Coffee has a strong, harsh taste with earthly notes; it starts as bitter and grainy but has a peanut buttery after taste. It is grown exclusively in Africa, Indonesia, and Brazil. The second type of coffee plant is Coffee Arabica. This coffee plant is milder and sweeter than the Robusta Coffee. Coffee Arabica is also grown in Africa, Latin America, Columbia, and New Guinea.
Benefits of Green Coffee Bean
- The Healthier Option
Since Green Coffee Beans is in its raw organic state, it has an abundant supply of chlorogenic acids. This chemical is loaded with potent antioxidants and anti-inflammatory compounds that provide many health benefits such as weight loss, reduction of blood sugar levels, and blood pressure. Chlorogenic acids, however, are reduced or even destroyed through the roasting process that the popular roasted coffee beans go through. This makes Green Coffee Beans a healthier option.
Green Bean Coffee can be used to make hot beverages or even brewed like roasted coffee. Green coffee is a lot flavorful, although milder than the roasted coffee many are used to. Many say it tastes just like herbal tea.
Roasted or raw
One of the best things you have to love about the Green Coffee Bean is the fact that you can choose to have your coffee whichever way you want it, roasted or raw. Instead of buying already roasted coffee beans, you can have it done yourself, giving you absolute control over its taste and turn out.
Longer shelf life
No one would like to have stocked up on their favorite coffee beans and realize six weeks after that it just does not have the same bold taste as the first time. Roasted Coffee Beans and even the more rugged Coffee grounds do not match the Green coffee beans’ longevity. Green Coffee Beans can remain at their peak taste for up to a year, even after processing.
Most Common Green Coffee Bean Storage Problems
You most probably have heard of people freezing excess or unused coffee beans; this, however, might not be a good idea. The first issue is that coffee is porous and soft, which means it can absorb other aromas easily. Whatever aromas or odors lingering in your freezer can be easily absorbed by the coffee. You do not want to have thawed your coffee, expecting a rich, bold taste and be left with a funky one. Also, drastic changes in the freezer temperature can cause condensation, which exposes your Green Beans to moisture and can make them go bad quickly. Aside from its porosity, freezing temperatures are too extreme for your beans.
Many Green Coffee lovers have attacks from Pests to be their greatest challenge. This is especially true if the beans were not properly dried before being sold out. Pests need moisture to survive. This makes the raw, unroasted Green Coffee Bean the ideal breeding ground for pests. One of the most common insect attacks on Green Coffee Beans is from Psocids. These insects burrow their way and make holes in coffee beans. Coffee Beans can also be attacked by Weevils which could reduce the bean’s weight by one-third within six months.
How is Organic Green Coffee Bean Made?
You must know how your Green Coffee Beans is made and left in their healthiest and organic state. A Green Coffee Bean is a seed. This seed is what is usually dried, roasted, and grounded to make the popular roasted coffee. Green Coffee Beans, on the other hand, is the seed left unprocessed. If the seed is not meant to be processed, it can be planted and grown into a coffee tree.
Generally, the seeds are planted in large beds in shaded nurseries. At this time, they are watered frequently and kept from direct sunlight till they are more mature. Planting often occurs during the wet season so that the soil can keep moist while the roots of the seeds become firmly established. It takes about 3 to 4 years for a newly planted coffee tree to bear fruit. The fruit of a Coffee tree is known as a coffee cherry. The coffee cherry turns a bright, deep red color which is a sign that it is ready to be harvested.
How is Green Coffee Bean Harvested?
Generally, the coffee bean is harvested once a year. In most coffee-producing countries, coffee harvesting is a labor-intensive process where the crop is handpicked. In other places like Brazil, where there are flat landscapes and coffee fields, harvesting is done mechanically.
How is Green Coffee Bean Processed?
Once the coffee cherry has been picked, coffee producers must begin processing immediately to prevent fruit spoilage. A coffee Bean is processed via two methods.
- The Dry Method: This method entails spreading freshly picked cherries on huge surfaces to dry in the sun.
- The Wet Method: This method involves removing the pulp from the coffee cherry after harvesting. The bean then dries with only its skin. The wet method involves using a pulping machine to separate the skin and pulp from the bean. If the beans have been processed using the wet method, the beans must be dried to low moisture content to prepare them for storage properly.
Grading and Sorting
This is the final stage before your green coffee bean is exported. The coffee beans are sorted based on size and weight. They are also checked for color flaws and other imperfections.
Factors needed to control Green Coffee Beans
Coffee beans are living beings that need their control factors to preserve their freshness. The general rule is that “if it is comfortable for you, then it is comfortable for your coffee.”
The humidity of your home storage facility is a critical factor in preserving the life of your green coffee beans. Beans that are too wet can become moldy, while beans that are too dry can lose their flavors and aromas
The level of temperature is another factor that impacts the longevity of your beans. If the environment around it is too hot or too cold, it will have a negative impact on the moisture levels.
While sunlight is an important factor when harvesting and processing, it is not so when they are in your hands as a coffee lover, you must keep them out of direct sunlight to avoid premature aging. If they are left under direct sunlight, their flavor and aroma will begin to fade.
How to Store Coffee Beans?
Now that we have discussed what would make your green coffee beans quality deteriorate, let us look at how to store them properly.
- Seal Your Green Coffee Beans Properly
The first thing you must remember is that the greatest enemy of your green coffee beans is oxygen. When your beans are exposed to air, they can go bad much quicker. If you like to buy coffee beans in bulk, be sure to store them in a high barrier plastic and a cool, dark cabinet. This helps to keep the storage environment stable. It is important to store coffee in an airtight container to keep light and air out.
- Consider the Time Factor
We have raved about the durability of green coffee beans. While this holds extremely true, you do not want to have excess coffee in your cabinet. Lengthy storage time that exceeds a year can lead to a decline in its quality. You must always factor in the time between the coffee bean production and it reaching your hands when thinking about storage. Knowledge of this will guide you on the quantity to purchase and how long you want to keep them. You will tend to enjoy it better when they are at their fresh peak.
- Keep Away from Moisture
Humidity is an important factor that determines the bean quality. It can go bad almost instantly when exposed to moisture. Higher humidity will cause molds to grow, while lower humidity can dry them out and cause them to lose their much-coveted flavor. This is why the importance of storing your beans in a dry, dark place cannot be overemphasized.
Green Coffee Bean Storage Temperature
When the temperature is high, there are more water molecules in the air, while cooler air means less air moisture. Since moisture degrades your green coffee beans faster, it means that you need to store your beans in a cool environment. A freezer runs at extreme temperatures of 0 to 40 degrees Fahrenheit. However, the recommended room temperature is 60 degrees or 77 degrees Fahrenheit. This makes the freezer not an ideal storage space for your coffee beans. Many coffee experts suggest storing at room temperature. It is also recommended that one stores coffee in a cabinet rather than on a countertop because cabinets generally have a cooler temperature.
Control Light Levels
Coffee Beans are harvested under direct sunlight. This is not only a cost-effective method; it also aids the loss of moisture. However, its need for light ends there. When they are exposed to constant sunlight, they become extremely dry and loses their flavor. This is another reason why experts recommend storing them in an opaque container where no light can penetrate.
Home Storage Packaging Options
Think of your green bean coffee as fresh plant products whose quality and flavor can only be left intact when kept away from air, moisture, and sunlight.
Below are home packaging options for your coffee bean.
- Use Airtight Containers
An opaque, airtight container prevents air from going in or out of your coffee beans. This is one of the best packaging options for your unroasted coffee beans, as no air will be able to damage your beans.
- Airscape Containers
Airscape containers force the air out of the package to protect the coffee beans.
- Vacuum-sealed Containers
Vacuum-sealed containers work by removing excess air through a built-in piston system.
Tips and Tricks to keep your Green Coffee Beans fresh when unused
- Purchase the needed amount
While we understand the desire to stock up on your favorite beverage produce, coffee can only remain your favorite when it is fresh. Ensure you do not stock up in excess that will be leftover after 12 months.
- Store up in small batches
Since exposure is bad for your beans, you do not want to open your airtight container frequently. You might want to divide your coffee into several small portions to avoid frequent exposure to air. Whenever you choose to roast green coffee beans, ensure you bring them out in small batches, just enough for that time.
- Do not store your Coffee Beans close to an Oven
While a fridge or freezer is not your coffee’s best friend because of the extreme temperature, an oven will destroy your coffee beans twice as fast. It requires a comfortable sleeping place similar to that of a human. You must avoid heat just as you run away from moisture.
Green Coffee Bean Extract
Green coffee bean extract comes from coffee beans that haven’t been roasted. You will find extracts of green coffee beans in supplements that claim to aid weight loss and improve general wellbeing.
Green coffee beans hold their many appeals, and you should not be surprised why. From its wholeness to its durability, this type of coffee gives you more reasons to make it your favorite. Follow these guidelines, and you will get to enjoy the freshness of your favorite beverage at all times.